Chilnualna Falls

Yosemite National Park / Wawona, California, USA

Rating: 3.5     Difficulty: 4
Chilnualna Falls

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INTRODUCTION

Chilnualna Falls was one of those waterfall experiences that surpassed whatever expectations we may have had going into the hike. Given how little attention the southern section of Yosemite National Park tended to receive, from what we've observed, I have to believe that this waterfall excursion would also surprise those who bother with lingering around here and not hastily passing through.

One of the surprising aspects about this falls was that we're actually talking about - not one - but at least five (possibly six if you count one that wasn't on Chilnualna Creek) significant waterfalls! Taking the whole system of cascades and waterfalls together, this could very well be the "longest" waterfall in Yosemite National Park (though the many cascades on the Tuolumne River towards Waterwheel Falls could also make such a claim).

Each waterfall exhibited its own shape, character, and "personality" (for lack of a better word). The largest one of the lot was said to be on the order of 240ft tall, while the last one was said to be around 150-180ft in cumulative height. So you know that each waterfall could have stood out on its own instead of this large ensemble in a singular excursion.

Personally, I think these falls are the primary attraction of Southern Yosemite (though I'm sure others beg to differ, especially regarding the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees). Plus, I've found these falls to be a very worthwhile way to spend a half day or a relaxing full day to cool off, especially on a warm Summer day when Yosemite Valley would tend to be a bit on the crowded and not-so-relaxing side.

The overall hike taking in the Chilnualna Falls gains 2400ft over at least 4.2 miles (said to be 8.5 miles round trip). Fortunately, it passes by several waterfalls culminating in a dramatic six-tiered cascade. Starting at 4200ft, we were generally able to complete the well-developed, steadily climbing trail in around 5-7 hours. So given the rather lengthy nature of this hike, I'd recommend bringing plenty of water and a picnic lunch as well as some snacks to hold yourself over for this hike.

From the car park (see directions below), we had to walk back towards the Chilnualna Falls Road then head to our right and follow the road until it forked. We had to follow the signs and take the left fork as the right fork continued descending towards a bridge over Chilnualna Creek. Almost immediately after going up the fork on the left, another sign had us take a foot trail on the right as the continuation of the paved road on the left was the stock trail (if you happened to go up to the falls on horseback).

After getting onto the foot trail, we walked for roughly 10 minutes (or about a quarter-mile) before the trail started climbing and the rush of Chilnualna Creek became louder. Before the ascent really climbed in earnest, we were treated to our first surprise - a waterfall! This was something we didn't expect to see so early in the hike so it already put us in the waterfalling mood right off the bat.

This waterfall fell in multiple tiers, but the most picturesque tier was a gushing 30 or 40-footer. Due to the presence of trees and obstructing rocks, it was hard to get an all-encompassing view of all the tiers in this one spot (as we noticed more cascades further upstream). The scramble to try to get a better view also didn't seem like an attractive option so we were pretty content with the immediate trailside view. I could totally see how later on a hot day, the spray from this falls would be very refreshing to offset the heat.

Next, we had to climb steeply up some granite steps and narrow ledges before this trail made a switchback then joined up with a wider stock trail (the one we chose not to take earlier). We kept right at this signposted junction and continued up the persistent climb. Fortunately, there was enough shade to keep us cool thanks to the forest cover as well as the morning shadows (we always tended to start this hike early). At about 0.4 miles from the signed junction with the stock trail, the path continued past our first fleeting glimpses of Wawona Dome and Chilnualna Creek in the distance before it then followed alongside Chilnualna Creek itself.

During this section that went someone alongside Chilnualna Creek for about 3/4 of a mile, we spotted some cascades within Chilnualna Creek itself. The most significant of these cascades appeared to have a small but gushing 5-10ft drop before continuing over a wider turtleback slide. We used to ignore these cascades thinking they were nothing more than rapids, but on our most recent visit in 2017, we simply couldn't ignore the most significant of the cascades here, and thus we'll designate this as the second Chilnualna Falls.

The significance of this falls was that it had a few spur trails leading closer to the banks of Chilnualna Creek around the falls itself. Again, on a hot Summer day, this would be yet another spot to take a break and possibly cool off in the calmer parts of the creek.

We realized that taking a quick break here might be one of the wisest things to do because the next stretch of the trail was continue its long ascent, and there wouldn't be the next waterfall in sight until about 1.7 miles beyond the second Chilnualna Falls (or 1.5 miles beyond where the trail started veering away from Chilnualna Creek and into a large patch of low-lying shrubs). It would take us about 75-90 minutes to get from the second Chilnualna Falls to the third Chilnualna Falls along this most challenging stretch of the hike.

During this long climbing stretch, we spotted many wildflowers blooming in the low-lying shrubs flanking the trail. Then, the trail climbed even more steeply as it ascended above the low-lying shrub patches. During this climb we started to get our first glimpses of some intermediate cascades and waterfalls barely visible between the trees that were in our line of sight. However, we also started to look towards the top of the cliffs up ahead, where we also started to get our first glimpses of a very big waterfall throwing up lots of mist while also giving us the sense that the end of this brutal stretch was not much further.

After a handful of more switchbacks (roughly 8 of them according to what I'm seeing in our GPS logs) while also trying not to get too wet where there were overflowing streams of snowmelt crossing parts of the trail, that was when we finally arrived at the base of what I'm calling the third Chilnualna Falls.

This particular falls was a delicate 15ft cascade that was not on Chilnualna Creek and it appeared to flow only during the snowmelt period. Even though we decided to call this waterfall #3, I'll leave it up to you to decide whether you think this one was legitimate or not. Nevertheless, the area around this falls was noticeably cooler and it gave us an opportunity to gather ourselves to continue the uphill hiking towards the next Chilnualna Falls.

Further conspiring to make us linger here for a bit longer, there was also perhaps our cleanest (albeit distant) view of the next Chilnualna Falls from this spot. Any time from mid-day to early afternoon would be the times when the scenery here would benefit most of good backlighting (as opposed to looking against the sun earlier in the morning).

Continuing beyond the third Chilnualna Falls, the trail ascended up another five or so unevenly-spaced switchbacks. Ultimately, the trail surface became more granite and less dirt with forest cover. Towards the apex of this climb, we were able to look downslope towards the community of Wawona way down below. And by about 0.6 miles from the third Chilnualna Falls, we then found ourselves at the very brink of the fourth Chilnualna Falls.

It turned out that this drop of Chilnualna Creek was the most impressive of the lot as it slid nearly around 210-240ft. There were also more cascades and waterfalls further downstream though they were always hard to spot or photograph given the thick vegetation that stood in the line of sight of those sections of the creek. Unfortunately, there was no way to better experience this waterfall since we could only look down into part of the falls without getting too dangerously close to the granite edges.

The only frontal views that could be safely attainable was further back at the third Chilnualna Falls. I really wished that a metal bridge be built above the Chilnualna Creek further upstream from the falls (kind of like what they did with Nevada Falls) so it would be possible to get to the other side and hike to the more open areas to both look down into the powerful profile of this waterfall as well as possibly get a more frontal look from the cliffs opposite the falls. This was the primary reason why we gave this falls a scenic rating a 3.5 instead of a 4.

Just a short distance upstream from the fourth waterfall was the fifth waterfall, which appeared to drop roughly 40-50ft or so (there were also some cascades just upstream of its main drop). This one was a little more accessible in that we could get a partial frontal view of it. However, in order to get a clean look, it would require some scrambling where extreme care was necessary as a slip and fall into Chilnualna Creek would most certainly mean sure death when being swept over that fourth Chilnualna Falls just downstream.

Given the close proximity of the 4th and 5th falls, we noticed quite a few hikers stop here and take a short snack break or lunch before continuing further. We actually did just that on one of the times we partook in this hike back in the 2003-2004 time frame.

The trail would continue climbing in the direction of the fifth Chilnualna Falls before going up a switchback and moving away from Chilnualna Creek. After climbing up to another switchback, the trail then meandered towards the top of the fifth falls though it wouldn't be safely visible from up here (at least along the trail and the immediate granite outcrops).

At this point, looking further upstream on Chilnualna Creek was the sixth and final Chilnualna Falls. Even though the main trail continued towards other destinations (like Deer Camp, Buena Vista Lake, and others), this waterfall was the turnaround point for our pretty long day hike.

While the distant view of this last waterfall was frontal and impressive, we felt compelled to get off the trail and scramble on the granite to get closer to its base. Each time we've done this hike, Chilnualna Creek had an overflow section that forced us to potentially get our feet wet. Gore-tex boots are good for this section both to keep the socks dry and for better grip on parts of the slippery-when-wet-granite. But even with proper equipment, we had to choose our route carefully to avoid injury or a soggy and uncomfortably long 4.2-mile return hike back to the trailhead.

As we scrambled closer to the waterfall, that was when we could see that it consisted of a series of five or six sloping and stair-stepping waterfalls in succession. I'm sure in lower flow conditions, each of the drops would have its own pothole or plunge pool, but since we're usually here during high flow, each waterfall tended to blend in with each other. We could best gain this perspective from a granite outcrop peering over the plunge pool of the lowest tier.

However, we were able to scramble even further down towards the plunge pool itself, where we were able to access a calm part of Chilnualna Creek. That was where we could let our shoes and socks dry off for a bit in the sun while letting our feet cool off in the icy cold water. There was also sufficient late morning shade from the vegetation here to enjoy a picnic lunch without getting sunburned.

With such a reward for the hard work it took to get up here (it typically would take us at least three to four hours or so to get this far), we had no problems spending nearly an hour here to relax and bask in the serenity of this quiet and mostly unheralded gem of Yosemite National Park.

Once we had our fill of this spot, we then went back the way we came. The nice thing about the return hike was that it was pretty much all downhill, and we got to experience each of the Chilnualna Falls once again though under different lighting conditions. While we advocate an early start (especially to make the uphill hiking more bearable as it would take place under cooler morning temperatures), there were still plenty of people getting late morning to early afternoon starts.

To further extend this excursion and include another big waterfall, we could've hiked trails that would join up with the Alder Creek Trail and make a much longer loop hike out of it. That would make the round trip hiking distance more on the order of 13 or more miles, but we were content with the Chilnualna Falls experience. Besides, we knew that there was a separate trailhead and trail to take us to the Alder Creek Falls itself so it wasn't necessary to extend an already long hike to begin with.




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PHOTO JOURNAL

The big waterfall that I'm dubbing waterfall #4. It can only be seen in its entirety from a distance near waterfall #3. Shown here was Chilnualna Creek in more moderate flow.The big waterfall that I'm dubbing waterfall #4. It can only be seen in its entirety from a distance near waterfall #3. Shown here was Chilnualna Creek in more moderate flow.
Looking directly at the last Chilnualna Falls (which I called waterfall #6) under more a moderate-flowing Chilnualna CreekLooking directly at the last Chilnualna Falls (which I called waterfall #6) under more a moderate-flowing Chilnualna Creek
Just a short distance south of Wawona was both the South Entrance as well as the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees. We did a hike to the Grizzly Giant, which is shown hereJust a short distance south of Wawona was both the South Entrance as well as the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees. We did a hike to the Grizzly Giant, which is shown here
Wawona to Glacier Point was probably about an hour or so drive, but that viewpoint has to be one of the best spots to really get a birdseye view of Yosemite Valley as well as a close look at Half DomeWawona to Glacier Point was probably about an hour or so drive, but that viewpoint has to be one of the best spots to really get a birdseye view of Yosemite Valley as well as a close look at Half Dome
The trailhead parking for the Chilnualna FallsThe trailhead parking for the falls

At first, we had to walk part of Chilnualna Falls Road before veering left at this fork. Mom and I kept right just out of curiosity to see where it went, but it wasn't the trailAt first, we had to walk part of the Chilnualna Falls Road before veering left at this fork. Mom and I kept right just out of curiosity to see where it went, but it wasn't the trail

This was the bridge over Chilnualna Creek at the bottom of the road. We had to backtrack at this point though there was an informal trail that probably led up to the first Chilnualna FallsThis was the bridge over Chilnualna Creek at the bottom of the road. We had to backtrack at this point though there was an informal trail that probably led up to the first waterfall

After backtracking to the road fork, we then followed the signs to leave the road (and the stock trail) to head right on the foot traffic only trailAfter backtracking to the road fork, we then followed the signs to leave the road (and the stock trail) to head right on the foot traffic only trail

The foot traffic only trail ascended narrow ledges like this. So no wonder why they prohibited stock (i.e. horses and mules) from using this trailThe foot traffic only trail ascended narrow ledges like this. So no wonder why they prohibited stock (i.e. horses and mules) from using this trail

Barely 10-15 minutes into our hike, we started to see attractive and gushing cascades on Chilnualna CreekBarely 10-15 minutes into our hike, we started to see attractive and gushing cascades on Chilnualna Creek

Looking down at the first Chilnualna Falls from the trailLooking down at the first Chilnualna Falls from the trail

Mom continuing up the narrow granite steps climbing alongside the first Chilnualna FallsMom continuing up the narrow granite steps climbing alongside the first Chilnualna Falls

There were still more waterfalls further upstream from the first Chilnualna Falls, but getting closer to those would require risky and unsanctioned scramblingThere were still more waterfalls further upstream from the first Chilnualna Falls, but getting closer to those would require risky and unsanctioned scrambling

Mom continuing the ascending trail towards the reunion with the stock trailMom continuing the ascending trail towards the reunion with the stock trail

This was the signposted reunion with the stock trail. According to the signs, it was still 4.1 miles to get from here to Chilnualna FallsThis was the signposted reunion with the stock trail. According to the signs, it was still 4.1 miles to get from here to Chilnualna Falls

Further up the trail, we started to get our first glimpses of the Wawona DomeFurther up the trail, we started to get our first glimpses of the Wawona Dome

On quiet trails like this one (especially early in the morning), there's no telling what you might find.  This was a 'baby' rattlesnake slithering away from the trail itselfOn quiet trails like this one (especially early in the morning), there's no telling what you might find. This was a "baby" rattlesnake slithering away from the trail itself

The trail eventually got close to Chilnualna Creek again after about 0.4 miles beyond the stock trail reunionThe trail eventually got close to Chilnualna Creek again after about 0.4 miles beyond the stock trail reunion

Mom taking a brief break to check out the second Chilnualna FallsMom taking a brief break to check out the second waterfall

This was the attractive upper drop of the second Chilnualna FallsThis was the attractive upper drop of the second waterfall

After the trail veered away from Chilnualna Creek again, we had to pass through a large patch of low-lying shrubs with wildflowers growing on themAfter the trail veered away from Chilnualna Creek again, we had to pass through a large patch of low-lying shrubs with wildflowers growing on them

Here's a closer look at some of the wildflowers found in the low-lying shrub patches. However, the mosquitos were pretty bad here when this photo was takenHere's a closer look at some of the wildflowers found in the low-lying shrub patches. However, the mosquitos were pretty bad here when this photo was taken

Looking towards Wawona Dome just as the sun had risen above the cliffs and the temperatures were also starting to climbLooking towards Wawona Dome just as the sun had risen above the cliffs and the temperatures were also starting to climb

The ascending trail switched between granite sections like this and conventional forested sections on dirtThe ascending trail switched between granite sections like this and conventional forested sections on dirt

Mom ascending one of the switchbacks so this section actually got good backlighting from the morning sunMom ascending one of the switchbacks so this section actually got good backlighting from the morning sun

Lots of trees providing shade along the trail, but it also meant it was hard to get a clean look at some other waterfalls on Chilnualna Creek that never really presented themselves cleanly from the trailLots of trees providing shade along the trail, but it also meant it was hard to get a clean look at some other waterfalls on Chilnualna Creek that never really presented themselves cleanly from the trail

After nearly 90 minutes of uphill hiking without Chilnualna Creek anywhere nearby, we finally made it to the third Chilnualna FallsAfter nearly 90 minutes of uphill hiking without Chilnualna Creek anywhere nearby, we finally made it to the third Chilnualna Falls

The trail continued climbing towards the fourth Chilnualna FallsThe trail continued climbing towards the fourth Chilnualna Falls

Climbing high enough on the trail that we started to go up granite stepsClimbing high enough on the trail that we started to go up granite steps

My Dad on the stretch of trail leading up to the top of the third Chilnualna FallsMy Dad on the stretch of trail leading up to the top of the third Chilnualna Falls. There was still snow at this elevation (well over 6000ft) when we did it in early May 2003.

Ascending more granite ledges as we were getting very close to the top of the fourth Chilnualna FallsAscending more granite ledges as we were getting very close to the top of the fourth Chilnualna Falls

Early morning rainbow in the mist of the fourth Chilnualna Falls as we looked down in the direction of WawonaEarly morning rainbow in the mist of the fourth Chilnualna Falls as we looked down in the direction of Wawona

Looking over the lip of the fourth Chilnualna FallsLooking over the lip of the fourth waterfall. Too bad we couldn't get a cleaner view of this waterfall from the other side of Chilnualna Creek

Just upstream from the fourth Chilnualna Falls was the fifth Chilnualna FallsJust upstream from the fourth waterfall was the fifth waterfall

Mom climbing up the last of the switchbacks above the fifth Chilnualna FallsMom climbing up the last of the switchbacks above the fifth waterfall

Looking towards the brink of the fourth Chilnualna Falls from around the top of the fifth Chilnualna FallsLooking towards the brink of the fourth waterfall from around the top of the fifth waterfall

Our first glimpse of the last of the Chilnualna Falls from the trailOur first glimpse of the last of the Chilnualna Falls from the trail

Looking towards the last of the Chilnualna Falls as we looked for a way to scramble closerLooking towards the last of the waterfalls as we looked for a way to scramble closer

Looking back at the overflow that wet the slippery granite on the way to get closer to the last of the Chilnualna FallsLooking back at the overflow that wet the slippery granite on the way to get closer to the last of the falls

Finally at the last of the Chilnualna Falls in moderate flow. This photo was taken back in 2004Finally at the last of the waterfalls in moderate flow. This photo was taken back in 2004

Mom trying to cool off in the spray at the base of the last Chilnualna FallsMom trying to cool off in the spray at the base of the last of the waterfalls

As we were headed back down towards the trailhead, we got to experience each of the Chilnualna Falls once againAs we were headed back down towards the trailhead, we got to experience each of the Chilnualna Falls once again

Descending the granite ledges as we were going past the fourth Chilnualna FallsDescending the granite ledges as we were going past the fourth waterfall

Back at the third Chilnualna Falls' lower cascades with a distant look back up at the fourth and largest of the Chilnualna FallsBack at the third waterfall's lower cascades with a distant look back up at the fourth and largest of the waterfall ensemble

Focused on the only clean look that we could get of the fourth Chilnualna FallsFocused on the only clean look that we could get of the fourth waterfall

Looking up at some hidden tiers of waterfalls on Chilnualna Creek way up the canyon wall. This photo was taken on the return hike when we weren't looking against the morning sunLooking up at some hidden tiers of waterfalls on Chilnualna Creek way up the canyon wall. This photo was taken on the return hike when we weren't looking against the morning sun

Mom continuing the long downhill hike to the trailhead. Good thing we had gotten an early start because now there was hardly any shade and it was hot.  It would have been brutal to be going uphill here at this timeMom continuing the long downhill hike to the trailhead. Good thing we had gotten an early start because now there was hardly any shade and it was hot. It would have been brutal to be going uphill here at this time

Looking down towards Wawona and the surrounding forestLooking down towards Wawona and the surrounding forest

Mom carefully descending the narrow trail as we returned to the first Chilnualna Falls to cool offMom carefully descending the narrow trail as we returned to the first waterfall to cool off


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VIDEOS OF THE FALLS


Checking out all the various aspects of the 1st Chilnualna Falls at the height of a hot day


Right to left sweep of the 2nd falls before repositioning myself for another sweep showing the same pair of tiers on Chilnualna Creek


Checking out the 4th falls from the front of the 3rd falls then checking out all the different angles of that 3rd falls before walking to an even cleaner view of the 4th falls


Back and forth right to left then left to right sweep from the top of the 4th falls while also revealing distant look at the 5th falls as well as bright rainbow in mist of the 4th falls


Right to left sweep of Chilnualna Creek leading up to the final Chilnualna Falls from near the final spot we had hiked to


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DRIVING DIRECTIONS

Chilnualna Falls is near the community of Wawona in just 4.4 miles from Yosemite National Park's south entrance along Hwy 41 (21 miles north of Oakhurst). If you're coming from Yosemite Valley, head south on Hwy 41 towards Wawona for 21.7 miles (about 45-60 minutes).

Once you're at Wawona, look for the Chilnualna Falls Road turnoff just north of the bridge over Chilnualna Creek and south of the entrance to the Wawona Campground. I recalled that there were Chilnualna Falls signs leading us onto the correct turnoff and road. Then, we drove east through the quiet hamlet of Wawona until we eventually reached the parking area at the end of the village after 1.7 miles.

After parking our car, we had to walk back towards the Chilnualna Falls Road then head east for a few steps until we found the actual trailhead.

As far getting to Wawona from Los Angeles, we'd drive north on a combination of the I-5 and Hwy 99 to Fresno. Then, we'd hop on the Hwy 41 and take it for about 66 miles (90 minutes drive) to the small hamlet of Wawona within the park.




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ITINERARIES

For more information about our itineraries involving this waterfall, check out the following links.




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MAP OF THE FALLS



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TRIP REPORTS

For more information about our experiences with this waterfall, check out the following travel stories.




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TRIP PLANNING RESOURCES





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NEARBY WATERFALLS




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