Dudhsagar Falls

Molem National Park / Panaji, Goa, India

About Dudhsagar Falls

Hiking Distance: 1km round trip
Suggested Time: 30 minutes

Date first visited: 2009-11-13
Date last visited: 2009-11-13

Waterfall Latitude: 15.31429
Waterfall Longitude: 74.30517

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Dudhsagar Falls (pronounced “dood-SAH-gur”; a sign here also spelled it “Doodh Sagar”) was certainly one of India‘s more popular waterfalls with foreigners given that it was within a day trip from the charming Portugese-influenced Goan town of Panjim or Panaji. Julie and I could corroborate this claim because there were scores of foreign tourists when we visited this place in November 2009.

Basically, the waterfall came tumbling down a mountainside crossed over by an arched bridge supporting the South Central rail line. At the waterfall’s base, there was a plunge pool that we noticed was a hit with tourists wanting to swim to cool off from the high heat and humidity of this part of the country.

The name of the falls was said to mean “ocean of milk” due to the white water appearance as the water would tumble down the mountainside. That said, I have to believe that the Hindu influence probably also played a role in the name of the falls considering the religion’s reverence for cows. I’ve also seen this waterfall referred to as the “Milky Waterfall” as a result.

Dudhsagar_054_11122009 - On the rugged jeep as it crossed a river on its way to Dudhsagar Falls
On the rugged jeep as it crossed a river on its way to Dudhsagar Falls

Apparently, it was possible to experience the Dudhsagar Falls in a couple of ways.

The most popular way of doing it (and the way we did it) was on an organized day excursion. We first had to head east from Panaji (see directions below) to get to a little village where we then switched vehicles. After doing the switch, we rode a rugged 4wd jeep down a rugged track that included river crossings to get right to an area that allowed us to access the pool at the base of the waterfall.

During our visit, we were joined by heaps of other tourists (mostly European though we were quite surprised at the quantity of Russian tourists). In addition to people, there were also monkeys (which I believe can be either macaques or rangoons) who seemed to have become dependent on the food fed by the tourists in spite of the signs discouraging this practice.

Dudhsagar_036_11122009 - At the busy base of Dudhsagar Falls
At the busy base of Dudhsagar Falls

While we were at the jeep drop off area, there was a basic viewing platform to see the upper two tiers of the falls between an opening in the foliage. However, we then took a short 10- or 15-minute walking path with a bridged river crossing that led us right to the base of the falls. That was where it was very crowded with tourists clad in bathing attire as well as monkeys, local guides, and a rather ominous sign listing the names of people who had drowned here.

Our local guide did show me an interesting little alcove or “cave” not too far to the left side of the Dudhsagar Falls. This was significant because apparently it was a favored den of some tigers who take shelter from the rains here during the monsoon. Of course, that would also be when the falls would be inaccessible to most people given the likelihood of flooding and mud on the 4wd road to get here. That said, I wondered if he was merely showing this tiger den to me in an attempt for me to give more tip to him (I never asked for it, nor did I ask him to guide me).

Goa_006_11122009 - The beaches at Goa were part of the reason why Dudhsagar Falls were so popular
The beaches at Goa were part of the reason why Dudhsagar Falls were so popular

As for getting decent views of the Dudhsagar Falls itself, we weren’t able to achieve very satisfying views from the bottom given the sloping nature of the falls. Perhaps the best views from the base were more set back from the plunge pool where the whole context of the falls could be seen. The closer we got to Dudhsagar Falls, the less of its top we were able to see.

It turned out that the best views of Dudhsagar Falls (albeit fleeting, I’d imagine) were from across the forested ravine on the Konkan Railway some 10km from the Kulem Station. Seeing the falls this way was the second method of experiencing it. Unfortunately, we weren’t able to exercise this option given time constraints. Also, there was apparently a fairly difficult hike up to a similar viewpoint from the official trail of the falls, but the local guide here said we needed permission in order to do the 1.5-hour each way trek through steep terrain, high humidity, and dense jungle to get there.

As for timing a visit to Dudhsagar Falls, the base of the waterfall would be most accessible outside of the monsoon due to the lower likelihood of flood. The falls would be at its most impressive during the monsoon, but that would also be when the 4wd road would become impassable thereby leaving the train as the only other option left at this time. As you can see from our photos on this page, we visited outside the monsoon so clearly the falls had seen better days.

Finally, there was quite a bit of false information regarding the height of Dudhsagar Falls. I suspect that it was either started or fanned along by the 603m claim given in our 2007 edition of Lonely Planet: India. However, I wondered if they had a typo and really meant to say it 306m tall. The local signage here said the falls was 300m, and the local guide and others in the literature claim the falls was 310m.

As a result, I think we could put to rest any notion that this was one of the tallest waterfalls in the world (it was clearly not the case). Then again, I also saw some other claim Dudhsagar Falls was the second tallest waterfall in India, which seemed more plausible. However, I suspect someone will come up with other waterfalls boasting heights that would probably dispute even this claim.

Dudhsagar_Falls_004_jx_11122009 - Riding on the bumpy jeep road towards Dudhsagar Falls
Dudhsagar_Falls_011_jx_11122009 - Jeep crossing a river on its way to Dudhsagar Falls
Dudhsagar_Falls_007_jx_11122009 - The were so many jeeps going to Dudhsagar Falls that there was a traffic jam on the 4wd road
Dudhsagar_005_11122009 - Partial view of the upper part of the Dudhsagar Falls from the viewing deck at the end of the jeep road
Dudhsagar_006_11122009 - Hiking towards the Dudhsagar Falls
Dudhsagar_044_11122009 - It was pretty clear that most of the people here ignored the signs
Dudhsagar_009_11122009 - A monkey at the Dudhsagar Falls, which was totally dependent on human handouts
Dudhsagar_010_11122009 - Our first look at Dudhsagar Falls
Dudhsagar_014_11122009 - Right at the base of the Dudhsagar Falls where lots of people were enjoying themselves swimming and cooling off
Dudhsagar_020_11122009 - A local guide led me over to this little natural rock shelter where a couple tigers have been known to take refuge here during the monsoon season
Dudhsagar_040_11122009 - Looking up at Dudhsagar Falls
Old_Goa_009_11132009 - The preserved remains of St Francis Xavier in the Se Basilica of Old Goa
Old_Goa_028_11132009 - The Catholic theme of the cathedrals in Old Goa were further evidence of the Portugese influence here


From Panjim or Panaji (the capital of Goa), we were driven some 60 or 70km east to a village where the 4wd part of the excursion began. It took us about 2 hours on the road to get there. And during the drive out east, we passed by some churches and cathedrals of Old Goa while contending with lots of lorries hauling iron ore and manganese among other things (suggesting there must be some serious mining going on in this part of the country).

When we switched onto a rugged 4wd jeep which did the final leg to the falls, we had to traverse very bumpy roads with a handful of deep river crossings (I recalled one or two of them were deep enough to let water inside the jeep). At the end of the road, we were dropped off at the fairly busy jeep parking area.

All told, the day excursion from Panjim or Panaji was about 6- to 7 hours total.

We flew to Panaji from Mumbai, which took us about an hour to traverse the 579km or so (10 hours drive). Mumbai was a two-hour flight from Delhi.

Brief bottom up sweep of the falls right from the busy plunge pool area

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Tagged with: goa, panaji, panjim, molem, national park, dudhsagar, train, railway, 4wd tour, old goa, india, waterfall, konkan, kulem

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