Dettifoss

Vatnajokull National Park (formerly Jokulsargljufur National Park), Northeast Region (Norðurland eystra), Iceland

About Dettifoss


Hiking Distance: 1.5km round trip
Suggested Time: 30-60 minutes

Date first visited: 2007-06-28
Date last visited: 2007-06-29

Waterfall Latitude: 65.81548
Waterfall Longitude: -16.38571

Dettifoss definitely blew us away with its sheer size and power.

Perhaps a waterfall so wild and fierce was befitting of an area that just screamed natural and raw as it flowed on the glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum (“YUK-ul-sou ow FYUHT-lum”) meandering through Iceland‘s version of the Grand Canyon – Jökulsárgljúfur (“YUK-ul-sour-glyoo-fur”).

Dettifoss_179_06292007 - Dettifoss
Dettifoss

And to back up our adjectives, we’ve learned that this falls was said to have a flow of about 500 cubic meters per second at high flow, with dimensions of 44m tall and 100m wide.

Add it all up and we witnessed a monster that was quite possibly Europe‘s largest and most powerful waterfall (let alone Iceland’s biggest).

The milky color of the waterfall was due to the fact that the massive river was fed by the sediment-rich meltwaters of the vast Vatnajökull glacier.

Jökulsá á Fjöllum was unregulated and protected as part of the vast Vatnajökull National Park (it was previously known as Jökulsárgljúfur National Park or Jökulsárgljúfur þjóðgarður when we were there in 2007).

Dettifoss_015_06292007 - The milky white Jökulsá á Fjöllum about to rush over the brink of Dettifoss
The milky white Jökulsá á Fjöllum about to rush over the brink of Dettifoss

Given the wild nature of the falls, its rate of erosion (and therefore its propensity to move further upstream) was very high.

Such raw power and fury almost made it feel like the ground was trembling beneath our feet.

So that made us very hesitant to get too close to the edge (and potentially fall into the raging and frigidly cold river) as there were no guard rails!

We managed to experience this waterfall from both sides of the river – each quite different in their own way.

So we’ll describe the experiences separately.

Experiencing Dettifoss from the East Bank

Dettifoss_025_06292007 - Double rainbow in the mist from Dettifoss as seen from its east bank
Double rainbow in the mist from Dettifoss as seen from its east bank

From the car park (see directions below), we hiked a well-marked gently downhill trail through some rugged basaltic lava terrain.

During the descent, we were able to look right into the Jökulsárgljúfur canyon.

After making what seemed like a pair of zig-zags on its downhill trajectory, the trail ultimately veered back towards the waterfall.

Along the way, we had plenty of options to scramble towards the edge of the gorge to look at the waterfall from a variety of spots.

Dettifoss_002_06292007 - Looking downstream into the rugged Jökulsárgljúfur canyon as we walked towards the east bank of Dettifoss
Looking downstream into the rugged Jökulsárgljúfur canyon as we walked towards the east bank of Dettifoss

That said, we definitely had to be careful as there were no guardrails to keep us away from the edge.

Basically it was up to our discretion to get as close as we thought was safe, but I’d imagine this would be reason to keep a very close eye on kids who don’t know any better or adults who feel the need to live dangerously.

I believe it took us on the order of 20-30 minutes walk to get from the official car park to the falls overlook area.

While on the east bank, we got angled and profile views of Dettifoss near its brink.

Dettifoss_005_06292007 - This was probably the most complete view that I could get of Dettifoss from its east bank
This was probably the most complete view that I could get of Dettifoss from its east bank

The lookout area on this side was long so it was also possible to scramble a little further downstream to get better views of the entire falls including its misty and inaccessible base.

The trail continued further upstream from the brink of the falls where there was a fairly straightforward walking path that went to the brink of the horseshoe-shaped Selfoss (see that page for more details).

The east bank required driving on a bumpy unsealed 2wd road on Route 864 (though this route was not nearly as rough as the route to the West Bank as even tour bases would take it).

It was for this reason that it was far busier and more popular than the west side.

Experiencing Dettifoss from the West Bank

Dettifoss_140_06292007 - Top down view of Dettifoss from its west bank
Top down view of Dettifoss from its west bank

From the car park, we hiked a 10- or 15-minute trail that began with no hint of the waterfall’s presence besides some signage.

Shortly after starting the walk, we then went through a desolate and dark landscape strewn with rocks practically reminding us of what the moon’s surface might look like without the craters.

It wasn’t until the trail briefly climbed towards a rocky bluff on the far side of the moonscape did we finally start to see the imposing Dettifoss.

The trail then made its final descent to the river at the brink of the waterfall.

Dettifoss_210_06292007 - The desolate and dark moonscape of the terrain around the west bank of Dettifoss
The desolate and dark moonscape of the terrain around the west bank of Dettifoss

As we made it precariously down onto the cliff edges, we were really tempted to edge out further to see the dark bottom of the gorge.

However, the cliffs also conspired to obstructing such views, especially given the amount of mist thrown around the area making the surfaces wet and slippery.

There were also some low rope barricades to suggest to us not to go any further.

Nevertheless, from this side of the canyon’s rim, the direction of the waterfall’s drop was such that were could face the wall of water.

Dettifoss_154_06292007 - Julie dwarfed by Dettifoss its west bank
Julie dwarfed by Dettifoss its west bank

While experiencing the falls on the west bank, we got some dramatic close-up views while watching Dettifoss dwarf people on either side of the river!

In the afternoon on a sunny day, we also managed to see rainbows in the wafting mist rising from the base of this thundering waterfall.

It seemed like this was the place to be at this time of day, and the photo you see above came from the west bank in the late afternoon under sunny skies.

But with the fickle weather, we also happened to be on this side during a frigidly cold and rainy day where it was very difficult to see anything.

Dettifoss_017_jx_06282007 - Barely 24 hours before our do-over of the west bank of Dettifoss, we had to contend with pretty bad weather, which really made for a completely different experience
Barely 24 hours before our do-over of the west bank of Dettifoss, we had to contend with pretty bad weather, which really made for a completely different experience

That might be something to consider if the weather’s foul and you’re flexible enough to defer a visit here until the weather improves.

There was also a short trail that took us slightly further upstream for get distant view of Selfoss.

Authorities

Dettifoss resides in the Northeast Region near Akureyri, Iceland. It is administered by the municipality of Norðurþing. For information or inquiries about the general area as well as current conditions, you may want to try visiting their website.

Dettifoss_029_jx_06292007 - Looking downstream at the Jökulsárgljúfur canyon while hiking the east bank trail
Dettifoss_098_06292007 - Looking back at some people on the trail to the east bank of Dettifoss with the Jökulsárgljúfur canyon in the background
Dettifoss_011_06292007 - Looking upstream towards Dettifoss as we were approaching its brink on its east bank
Dettifoss_013_06292007 - Full view of Dettifoss from the east bank
Dettifoss_017_06292007 - On the morning that I showed up, Dettifoss was producing bold rainbows when I looked downstream over its brink
Dettifoss_035_06292007 - Looking across Dettifoss from its east bank
Dettifoss_040_06292007 - Julie not comfortable going any closer to the edge
Dettifoss_060_06292007 - Someone who didn't mind getting right to the edge of the cliff at the east bank of Dettifoss
Dettifoss_092_06292007 - Closer inspection of the sheer power of the river plunging over Dettifoss as seen from the east bank
Dettifoss_111_06292007 - Walking through lunar moonscape to return to the west bank of the river one day after crummy weather
Dettifoss_044_jx_06292007 - The rains from yesterday produced little reflective tarns like this one
Dettifoss_112_06292007 - Descending down to the lookouts by the edge of the west bank
Dettifoss_148_06292007 - Descending closer to the brink of the west bank of Dettifoss
Dettifoss_114_06292007 - This was about as much of the full width of Dettifoss as I could see from the east bank as I was descending closer to the falls
Dettifoss_140_06292007 - Bright rainbow near the brink of the west bank of Dettifoss
Dettifoss_145_06292007 - Another couple in context checking out the raw size and power of Dettifoss. Notice the people on the other side of the falls revealing its sense of scale
Dettifoss_166_06292007 - Julie in a similar spot on the path with part of Dettifoss making her look real small
Dettifoss_184_06292007 - Bright long exposed look at Dettifoss with double afternoon rainbow in its mist
Dettifoss_212_06292007 - Going back through the desolate landscape to return to the west bank car park
Dettifoss_017_jx_06282007 - The wet, misty, and cold west bank of Dettifoss
Dettifoss_008_06282007 - We not only had to contend with mist, but we also had to contend with clouds getting in the way under the not-so-ideal weather conditions at Dettifoss
Dettifoss_012_06282007 - Context of Julie checking out the misty Dettifoss under bad weather
Selfoss_017_06282007 - A bonus of visiting Dettifoss was getting to see Selfoss as well.  This view was from the east bank
Selfoss_057_06292007 - This was Selfoss from the east bank of the river

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Because the Jökulsá á Fjöllum River could not be crossed in the vicinity of Dettifoss, there were two separate roads that left the Ring Road – one for each side of the river.

Directions for the East Bank of Dettifoss

To access the east bank from Reykjalið, head east on the Ring Road for about a half-hour or 37km (or 19km beyond the turnoff for Route 862).

Reykjalið sits on the eastern shores of Mývatn (in case you didn’t know, Mývatn translated as “Midge Lake”; yikes!).

Anyways, just beyond the bridge over Jökulsá á Fjöllum, turn left onto Route 864 and follow this wide and relatively tame unsealed road for about 31km.

Dettifoss_024_jx_06292007 - The well-graded unsealed road 864 to the east bank of Dettifoss
The well-graded unsealed road 864 to the east bank of Dettifoss

There’s a signposted turnoff to the left leading the last kilometer to the car park.

Overall, the drive from Reykjalið to the east bank of the falls took us a little over an hour.

Directions for the West Bank of Dettifoss

To reach the west bank, drive east along the Ring Road from Reykjalið for about 18km.

Then, turn left onto the rough and rugged signposted 4wd route 862 (though we’ve seen some 2wd risk damage to their rental car to get here).

Continue about 20km from the Ring Road then turn right at the signposted turnoff for Dettifoss.

Dettifoss_001_06282007 - Near the car park on the west bank, we had a choice of walking closer to Selfoss or getting to the west side of Dettifoss
Near the car park on the west bank, we had a choice of walking closer to Selfoss or getting to the west side of Dettifoss

Ignoring another turnoff for Hafragilsfoss at 1.8km from the turnoff, continue another 1.3km to the car park.

From looking at our logs, driving from Reykjalið to the west bank of Dettifoss also took us an hour.

Visiting both sides of Jökulsá á Fjöllum

If you want to visit both sides of the river (Jökulsá á Fjöllum), you only have a couple of opportunities to cross the river itself.

The first and most obvious crossing is where the Ring Road bridges the river to the south.

It’s about 19km between F862 and Route 864.

The other crossing is where Route 85 bridges the river near Ásbyrgí to the north.

It’s about 4km between the Route 864 and the Dettifossvegur on Route 862.

For geographical context, Reykjalið was 101km (under 90 minutes drive) east of Akureyri and 479km (under 6 hours drive) northeast of Reykjavík.

Sweep of the falls and part of the canyon downstream as seen from the east bank


Sweep of the falls from closer to its brink on the west bank


Sweep of the falls near its brink in bad weather just 24 hours earlier (than the same video taken in good weather)!

Tagged with: jokulsa a fjollum, vatnsjokull, jokulsargljufur, northeast region, nordurland eystra, iceland, waterfall, akureyri, grand canyon



Visitor Comments:

Impressive due to its power (Dettifoss) February 12, 2014 11:54 am by Georg - I find Dettifoss very impressive due to its power, mass and energy. I guess the grey water color empathizes this impression even more. At home, you can get an idea when watching in full-size and in HD quality, but be warned, it's really powerful ;-) ...Read More

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